- Continue to read an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays and non-fiction texts
- Read fiction texts both modern and old, and from other cultures and traditions
- Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation and volume
- Infer characters’ feelings from their actions and justifying inferences with evidence
- Discuss how authors use figurative language
- Distinguish between fact and opinion
- Use further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them (find out more about Y5 spelling patterns and rules in our parents’ guide)
- Spell some words with silent letters
- Learn the spelling of more difficult homophones (words which sound the same but are spelt differently)
- Use a dictionary and a thesaurus
- Use adverbs and adverbials to explain how something is being done
- Write with neat, legible handwriting; write with increasing speed
- Use brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis
- Use commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity
- Learn to select appropriate grammar and vocabulary
- Describe settings, characters and atmosphere in narratives and integrate dialogue
- Carefully structure texts with a range of organisational devices, including time connectives, paragraphs, headings, bullet points, underlining
- Assess and improve the effectiveness of their writing
SUGGESTED READING BOOKS
- Artemis Fowl – Eoin Colfer
- Aquila – Andrew Norris
- The Wolves of Willoughby Chase – Joan Aiken
- The Secret Garden – Frances Hodgson-Burnett
- Dragon Rider – Cornelia Funke
- Anne of Green Gables – L. M. Montgomery
- Journey to Jo’burg – Beverly Naidoo
- A Wizard of Earthsea – Ursula Le Guin
- Where the Red Fern Grows – Wilson Rawls
- Pig Heart Boy – Malorie Blackman
THINGS TO TRY AT HOME
- If you find it hard to find the time to read to your child, make the most of holidays. Choose a special book and read a chapter a night.
- If you have a child who enjoys making things, look for practical ‘how to’ books to inspire them. They may not be traditional story books, but it’s still valuable reading experience.
- Look out for events in your local library or bookshop – there could be a summer reading scheme or a chance to meet an author.
- When your child writes at home, encourage them to read their work aloud. That way, you can both talk about it, and how it could be improved.
- Make sure there’s somewhere quiet for them to concentrate and create when they’re working at home.
- If you go away during the holidays, suggest they keep a journal.
Numbers and place value
- Reading, writing, ordering and comparing numbers to at least 1,000,000
- Counting forwards and backwards with positive and negative numbers
- Rounding any number up to one million to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000
- Adding and subtracting with numbers up to four digits using column addition and subtraction
- Identifying factors and multiples of different numbers
- Identifying prime numbers
- Multiplying four-digit numbers with two-digit numbers using long multiplication
- Dividing four-digit numbers by one-digit numbers using short division
- Multiplying whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100 and 1000
- Recognising and using square numbers and cube numbers
- Solving problems involving all four operations
Fractions, decimals and percentages
- Comparing and ordering fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
- Converting from mixed numbers to improper fractions
- Adding and subtracting fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number
- Multiplying proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers
- Rounding decimals with two places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
- Comparing numbers with up to three decimal places
- Beginning to understand percentages
- Knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5 and 4/5
- Converting between units of measurement
- Working out the perimeter and area of shapes (including irregular shapes)
- Solving problems involving money and measures
- Solving problems involving converting between units of time
- Drawing and measuring angles
- Finding angles around a point, on a straight line and within a right angle
- If your child has a watch, encourage them to wear it and get in the habit of looking at the time – it could be analogue or digital.
- Card games are perfect for playing with numbers. If you’re struggling to remember the games you played as a child, try asking the grandparents!
- Most children love cooking. Following a simple recipe will give them valuable practice in measuring and weighing the ingredients and calculating cooking time. If you want to make it trickier, ask them to double or halve the quantities.
Living things and their habitats
- Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird.
- Describe the process of reproduction in some plants and animals.
Animals, including humans
- Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.
- Learn about puberty and when and why this occurs.
- Compare gestation (pregnancy) periods of different animals.
Properties and changes of materials
- Compare materials based on their properties of hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity and response to magnets.
- Dissolve materials and then recover a substance from the solution made.
- Separate materials by filtering, sieving and evaporating.
- Look at ways materials can be changed and whether these changes are reversible or not.
Earth and space
- Describe the movement of the earth and other planets in relation to the sun.
- Describe the movement of the moon relative to the earth.
- Understand how day and night are caused by the earth’s rotation.
- Investigate the forces of gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction.
- Understand that levers, pulleys and gears allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.
THINGS TO TRY AT HOME
- See if you can find the following objects around the house: liquid soap, rice, flour, some paperclips and a piece of cling film. Which one do you think is the hardest? You may need to test this by bending the objects where you can. Which ones are water soluble? Test this by putting each one in some water and seeing if it dissolves into the water: you may need to give the mixture a good shake! Which ones are transparent? Are any of them magnetic? Test this by using a fridge magnet.
- Test how air resistance differs according to the shape, size or weight of a different object. Find various small objects (for example: a pen, a piece of kitchen paper, a small book, a sheet of tin foil and a scrunched up piece of tin foil). Stand on a chair and drop each one. Get someone to time how long it takes for each object to hit the floor. Why do you think some things take less time than others?
- Go to the library and see if you can find any books on life cycles or the solar system. Do some reading up and see if you can become an expert before you are due to learn this topic!