YEAR 6

In Year 6, pupils will be working towards the objectives detailed on this page and will also take their Y6 SATs. There are a number of things that you can do to support your child at home. Details can be found within each subject area below.

ENGLISH

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Reading

  • Continuing to read an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays and non-fiction texts
  • Reading fiction texts both modern and old and from other cultures and traditions
  • Preparing poems and plays to read aloud and to perform showing understanding through intonation and volume
  • Inferring characters’ feelings from their actions and justifying inferences with evidence
  • Discussing how authors use figurative language
  • Distinguishing between fact and opinion

Writing

  • Using further prefixes and suffixes and understand the guidance for adding them
  • Spelling some words with silent letters
  • Learning the spelling of more difficult homophones (words which sound the same but are spelt differently)
  • Using a dictionary and a thesaurus
  • Understanding synonyms and antonyms
  • Writing with neat, legible handwriting and with increasing speed
  • Using the passive to affect the presentation of information in a sentence
  • Using semi-colons, colons, dashes and hyphens
  • Learning to select appropriate grammar and vocabulary
  • Describing settings, characters and atmosphere in narratives
  • Writing dialogue
  • Structuring texts with a range of organisational devices, including time connectives, paragraphs, headings, bullet points, underlining
  • Assessing and improve the effectiveness of their writing
  • Year 6 children are usually confident writers, able to express their ideas imaginatively and clearly, whether they are working on fiction, non-fiction or poetry

THINGS TO TRY AT HOME

  • If your school has a newspaper or magazine, encourage your child to take part – they could write about a hobby or school club.
  • Encourage your child to put together a yearbook for the end of primary school – include stories, pictures and interviews with pupils and teachers
  • Suggest your child keeps a diary and writes in it regularly

SUGGESTED READING BOOKS

  • Carrie’s War – Nina Bawden
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn – Mark Twain
  • The Diary of a Young Girl – Anne Frank
  • Noughts and Crosses – Malorie Blackman
  • The Railway Children – E. Nesbit
  • Sabriel – Garth Nix
  • Treasure Island – Robert Louis Stevenson
  • Oliver Twist – Charles Dickens
  • Mortal Engines – Philip Reeve
  • The Diamond of Drury Lane – Julia Golding

MATHS

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Numbers and place value

  • Reading, writing, ordering and comparing numbers to 10,000,000
  • Calculating intervals across zero

Calculating

  • Multiplying four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers using long multiplication
  • Dividing four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers using long division
  • Identifying common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
  • Solving multi-step problems involving all four operations

Fractions, decimals and percentages

  • Simplifying fractions
  • Comparing and ordering fractions
  • Adding and subtracting fractions with different denominators
  • Multiplying pairs of proper fractions, giving the answer in its simplest form
  • Dividing proper fractions by whole numbers
  • Multiplying and dividing numbers by 10, 100 and 1000
  • Multiplying one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers
  • Using written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

Ratio and proportion

  • Finding percentages of amounts
  • Solving problems involving shapes and scale factors

Algebra

  • Using simple formulae
  • Generating and describing linear number sequences
  • Express missing number problems algebraically
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns

Measurement

  • Converting between units of measurement, using decimal notation up to three decimal places
  • Working out the perimeter and area of shapes (including parallelograms and triangles)
  • Working out the volume of cubes and cuboids

Geometry

  • Drawing a 2D shape using given dimensions and angles
  • Finding unknown angles in any triangle, quadrilateral and regular polygon
  • Illustrating and naming parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference
  • Recognising angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line or are vertically opposite
  • Plotting coordinates on all four quadrants
  • Drawing and translating simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflecting them in the axes

Statistics

  • Interpreting and constructing pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems
  • Calculating and interpreting the mean as an average

THINGS TO TRY AT HOME

  • When your child has homework, ask them to explain their methods. It will help both of you to get a clear idea of what’s expected.
  • Encourage your child not to be afraid to ask for help from the teacher if something is proving particularly tricky.
  • If you’re going on a journey, ask your child to look at a map and try to work out the distance you’ll be travelling and the direction you’ll take.
  • For practice with money, try a game of Monopoly.

 

SCIENCE

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Living things and their habitats

  • Describe how living things are classified into groups including micro-organisms, plants and animals
  • Give reasons for classifying plants and animals

Animals, including humans

  • Identify and name parts and functions of the human circulatory system
  • Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way the body functions
  • Describe how nutrients and water are transported within animals

Evolution and inheritance

  • Learn how fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth in the past
  • Recognise that living things produce offspring that are not identical to their parents
  • Identify how plants and animals are adapted to suit their environment and that adaptation may lead to evolution

Light

  • Understand that light appears to travel in straight lines and is necessary for us to see objects
  • Understand how shadows are formed

Electricity

  • Investigate how the brightness of a lamp and the volume of a buzzer changes with the number and voltage of cells used in a circuit
  • Give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on / off positions of switches
  • Use recognised symbols when representing a circuit in a diagram

THINGS TO TRY AT HOME

  • Go for a walk in the park and write down the names of every animal you see. Have a good look for the little ones like spiders, worms and slugs which may be hiding under rocks! When you get home write all the names on separate cards. Can you put them into groups and then explain to someone why you have grouped them like this?
  • Keep a food and exercise diary. Write down everything you eat during the day and the exercise you do. How healthy do you think you are? Think about how you feel according to what you have eaten and the exercise you have done.
  • Turn on a lamp and hold an object in the light. Have a look at the shadow it forms. What happens to the shadow as you move the object around? Why do you think this is happening?
  • Find out about fossils, adaptation, evolution and a very important man called Darwin. Read up as much as you can and become an expert before you are taught this topic at school!