The evolution of secondary education has resulted in huge amounts of confusion, as parents struggle to get to grips with the differences between the various types of schools. Our chart below should help explain the key differences!

School TypeWhat are they?Selective based on abilityNational CurriculumWho runs them?
Free SchoolsNew state schools set up by teachers/parents/ charities or community groups.NoExemptIndependent
AcademiesExisting underperforming schools who are allocated a sponsor (Uni / College / Educational charity or business) to take them overNoExemptIndependent
Maintained Schools
Community
Foundation / Trust
Voluntary Aided
Voluntary controlled
Grammar
All maintained schools are overseen by the Local Authority but vary in slightly in terms of the way in which they are run.No*
No*
No*
No*
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Local Authority
Governors
Governors/ Religious Body
Local Authority
Independent (Private)YesExemptIndependent
PublicYesExemptIndependent

* permitted to select up to 10% of pupils based upon aptitude