In Year 1, children will be working towards the Key Stage 1 targets detailed below and will undergo a formal phonics check (see below for more details). There are a number of things that you can do at home to support your child. Please scroll down for details.




  • Be able to use their phonic knowledge to read words.
  • Know all the 40+ phonemes (sounds) and know which letters or groups of letters correspond to them.
  • Read words with -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er and -est endings.
  • Read a range of poems, stories and non-fiction.
  • Be able to re-tell stories that they know.
  • Correct their own inaccurate reading.


  • Learn to spell words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • Learn to write the days of the week.
  • Learn to add suffixes, word endings (such as -s, -es, -ing, -ed, -er and -est) and also learn about the prefix un-.
  • Form all lower case and upper case letters, plus the digits 0 to 9.
  • Join clauses in a sentence using the word ‘and’.
  • Punctuate sentences using capitals, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks.
  • Sequence stories to form short narratives.
  • Discuss what they have written with others.


  • Visit your local library and let your child choose their own books.
  • Read regularly to your child – even if they’re a fluent reader, they will still enjoy it.
  • If your child is not keen on stories, try fact-based non-fiction books or a comic to spark their interest.
  • Give your child plenty of opportunities to draw and write with a range of materials.
  • Ask your child to help you write a shopping list and then look for the items when they get to the shop.
  • Encourage them to write to people as much as possible: Christmas cards, birthday invitations, thank you letters and postcards are a great way of giving them a real purpose for writing.


  • Funnybones – Janet & Allan Ahlberg
  • A Bear Called Paddington – Michael Bond
  • Hairy Maclary – Lynley Dodd
  • Mister Magnolia – Quentin Blake
  • Avocado Baby – John Burningham
  • The Tiger Who Came To Tea – Judith Kerr
  • The Emperor of Absurdia – Chris Riddell
  • My Friend Bear – Jez Alborough
  • Meg and Mog – Helen Nicoll
  • Katie Morag’s Island Stories – Mairi Hedderwick




  • Counting up to 100 forwards and backwards
  • Reading and writing numbers up to 100
  • Reading and writing numbers up to 20 in words
  • Counting on and back in twos, fives and tens
  • Using a number line to put numbers in the correct order
  • Recognising patterns in numbers
  • Recognising odd and even numbers
  • Estimating amounts of objects and then counting to check


  • Learning simple addition and subtraction
  • Recognising mathematical words and symbols
  • Using money – paying and giving change
  • Learning which pairs of numbers add up to 20 (number bonds)
  • Doubling and halving
  • Finding a quarter of a quantity
  • Working out multiplication and division questions using objects to group or share out


  • Telling the time to the hour and half hour
  • Putting the days of the week and months of the year in order
  • Measuring length, weight and capacity and comparing these measurements


  • Recognising, naming and describing common 2D and 3D shapes
  • Using shapes to make patterns, models and pictures
  • Describing whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns


  • Play games: a simple board game such as snakes and ladders gives your child valuable
    practice in counting on. Dominoes are also good for counting spots and matching numbers.
  • Sort things out: if you have a box of beads, sort them by size or colour.
  • Look for numbers when you go out – look on houses, buses, road signs.
  • Ask your child to set the table: they’ll have to count the settings and work out how much cutlery
    is needed.
  • Get cooking: children love to weigh out the ingredients and check the timer.




  • Identify and name a variety of common plants.
  • Identify and describe the structure of flowering plants.


  • Name common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
  • Name animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.
  • Compare the structure of different animals.
  • Draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part is associated with each sense.


  • Name a variety of everyday materials including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock.
  • Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials.
  • Compare and group materials.


  • Observe changes across the four seasons.
  • Describe weather and day length associated with the seasons.


  • Have a look at some plants in your garden or on a walk in the park. See if your child can name the different parts of a plant. Explain that part of the plant is under the soil (push some back to show them the roots). Ask them if they know what the roots are for.
    Get them to draw their own diagram of a plant when they get back inside, labelling all the parts.
  • Turn an A4 sheet so it is landscape and write the following headings along the top: Wood, Plastic, Glass, Metal. Now ask your child to go around the house and make lists under each heading of anything they can find made of that material: windows, radiator, wardrobe etc. Discuss with them why each material is used to make the different objects. Why do we have glass windows rather than wood? Why is food packaged in plastic rather than paper?
  • Show your child a list of the months of the year. Ask them to circle the months that they think are the winter months. Ask them what the weather is like in the winter. What do we do in the winter to help us with the cold? Now ask them to circle the spring months. What is the weather like in the spring? Continue with summer and autumn.
  • See if you can find any books in the library on different types of animals. Read the books with your child and encourage

Year 1 Phonics Check
All pupils will undergo a phonics assessment in Year 1. This test has been introduced to enable schools to check that pupils are on track with phonic decoding and offer extra support to those who need it. Individual results are made available to parents. National and local results enable schools to benchmark the performance of their children but the results are NOT published in league tables.

The assessment is generally undertaken in a very relaxed manner as part of the normal school day. It is not timed and most children will not even be aware that they are being formally tested!

What does the test include?

Each child will be tested on 40 words including

  • Pseudo Words
    Pseudo-words are designed to test children’s ability to decode new and unfamiliar words using spelling patterns they should have come across.
  • Nonsense Words
    Nonsense words in the test are accompanied by an image of a monster/alien; the idea is to suggest that the nonsense words is the alien’s “name” rather than a misprint!
  • Real Words
    The real words consist of a combination of high-frequency words and unusual words.