By the end of Key Stage 2 (Year 6), children should be able to:

### English

- Have familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions.
- Recommend books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices, discuss themes and conventions across a wide range of writing, make comparisons of books.
- Learn poetry by heart, prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience.
- Discuss their understanding and explore the meaning of words in context, draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence, predict what might happen from details stated and implied, summarise the main ideas of a text, identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning, understand the uses of figurative language and its impact on the reader.
- Plan writing for different audiences and purposes.
- Draft and write by selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning, describe settings, characters and atmosphere and use dialogue to convey character and advance the action, use a wide range of connectives to link ideas and paragraphs.
- Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing, proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning.
- Proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors.
- Write in formal Standard English.

- Use passive voice, use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely, use modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility, use relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with, use commas, hyphens, brackets, dashes, semi-colons and colons to clarify meaning, indicate parenthesis, mark boundaries or avoid ambiguity in writing.

**Key Stage 2 Spelling List**

accident(ally) | actual(ly) | address | answer | appear | arrive |

believe | bicycle | breath | breathe | build | busy |

business | calendar | caught | centre | century | certain |

circle | complete | consider | continue | decide | describe |

different | difficult | disappear | early | earth | eight |

eighth | enough | exercise | experience | experiment | extreme |

famous | favourite | February | forward | fruit | grammar |

group | guide | heard | heart | height | history |

imagine | increase | interest | important | island | knowledge |

learn | length | library | material | medicine | mention |

minute | natural | naughty | notice | occasion | occasionally |

often | opposite | ordinary | particular | peculiar | perhaps |

popular | position | possession | possess | possible | potatoes |

pressure | probably | promise | purpose | quarter | question |

recent | regular | reign | remember | sentence | separate |

special | straight | strange | strength | suppose | surprise |

therefore | though | although | through | thought | various |

weight | woman | women | accommodate | accompany | according |

achieve | aggressive | amateur | ancient | apparent | appreciate |

attached | available | average | awkward | bargain | bruise |

category | cemetery | committee | communicate | community | competition |

conscience | conscious | critic | controversy | definite | desperate |

convenience | curiosity | criticise | correspond | develop | dictionary |

disastrous | embarrass | equip | environment | equipment | especially |

exaggerate | existence | excellent | explanation | familiar | foreign |

frequently | forty | guarantee | government | harass | hindrance |

immediately | identity | individual | interfere | interrupt | language |

leisure | lightning | marvelous | mischievous | muscle | necessary |

neighbour | nuisance | occupy | occur | opportunity | parliament |

persuade | physical | prejudice | privilege | profession | programme |

pronunciation | queue | recognize | recommend | relevant | restaurant |

rhyme | rhythm | sacrifice | secretary | shoulder | signature |

sincere(ly) | soldier | stomach | sufficient | suggest | symbol |

temperature | system | symbol | thorough | twelfth | variety |

vegetable | vehicle | yacht |

### KEY STAGE 2 MATHS (LOWER STAGE – YEARS 3-4)

### Maths

By the end of this Key Stage, children should be able to:

- Read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 10,000000 and determine the value of each digit, count forwards or backwards in steps of 10 for any given number up to 1 000 000, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero, round any number as required, read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.

- Add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers, use rounding to check answers to calculations, solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

- Multiply multi-digit numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication, divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division, perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations and large numbers.

- Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers.

- Recognise and use square numbers (2) and cube numbers (3).

- Compare and order fractions, identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other, use common factors to simplify fractions; use common multiples to express fractions in the same denomination, add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the concept of equivalent fractions, multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form, divide proper fractions by whole numbers.

- Recognise and use thousandths, round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place, read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places, solve problems involving numbers up to three decimal places.

- Convert between different units of metric measure (for example, kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre), understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints.

- Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres, calculate and compare the area of rectangles (including squares), and including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes, estimate volume [for example, using 1 cm3 blocks to build cuboids (including cubes)] and capacity [for example, using water].

- Solve problems involving converting between units of time.

- Identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-D representations.

- Know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles, draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o).

- Recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles.

### Children should be familiar with the following terms:

- BODMAS
- SPACE
- AVERAGE
- BAR CHART
- CORRELATION
- LINE GRAPH
- MEAN
- MEDIAN
- MODE
- PIE CHART
- RANGE
- SCATTER GRAPH
- ANGLE
- EQUILATERAL
- ISOSCELES
- PARALLEL
- PERPENDICULAR
- QUADRILATERAL
- RIGHT ANGLE
- SCALENE
- DECIMAL
- ESTIMATE
- HUNDREDTHS
- THOUSANDTHS
- AREA
- BASE
- FORMULA
- PERIMETER
- POSITIVE
- NEGATIVE
- VERTICAL
- HORIZONTAL
- FRACTION
- MIXTURE
- PROPORTION
- RATIO
- SHARE
- SIMPLIFY
- DENOMINATOR
- EQUIVALENT
- FRACTION
- IMPROPER
- MIXED NUMBER
- NUMERATOR
- PERCENT
- PROPER
- SIMPLIFY
- TOP HEAVY
- RIGHT ANGLE

**KEY STAGE 2 MATHS (UPPER STAGE – YEARS 5-6) **

By the end of this Key Stage, children should be able to:

- use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations, solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why;
- recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal, solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25, solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures, and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison;
- use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles, distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles, calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles;
- illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius;
- identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed, draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes;
- solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph, complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables;
- use simple formulae, generate and describe linear number sequences, express missing number problems algebraically, find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns;
- calculate and interpret the mean as an average

### Children should also be familiar with the following terms:

- ALGEBRA
- BALANCE
- EQUATION
- EXPRESSION
- FORMULA
- FUNCTION
- SUBSTITUTE
- EVEN CHANCE
- EVENT
- IMPOSSIBLE
- LIKELY
- OUTCOME
- PROBABILITY
- PROBABLE
- SAMPLE
- SURE
- UNLIKELY
- COORDINATES
- GRID
- LABEL
- LINEAR
- ORIGIN
- PLOT
- SCALE
- AXIS
- REFLECT
- ROTATE
- SYMMETRY
- TRANSFORMATION
- TRANSLATE
- ANNULUS
- CHORD
- CIRCUMFERENCE
- DIAMETER
- ELLIPSE
- RADIUS
- SECTOR
- SEGMENT
- TANGENT
- BISECT
- COMPASSES
- EQUIDISTANT
- INEQUALITY
- LOCUS
- MIDPOINT
- PARALLEL
- PERPENDICULAR
- REGION
- SET SQUARE
- ADJACENT
- COSINE
- HYPOTENUSE
- INVERSE
- OPPOSITE
- PYTHAGORAS
- SINE
- TANGENT
- TRIGONOMETRY